North Carolina residents are probably familiar with the recent commercials featuring individuals who have suffered traumatic brain injury from activities like texting and driving. However, they may wonder what a TBI encompasses and the symptoms from this type of injury.
It is estimated that 5.3 million Americans are living with a TBI-related disability. TBI as the name implies is an injury to the brain. In some cases, a puncture wound causes a brain injury. In others, it is sudden movement of the brain within the skull. This is referred to as closed TBI and results from falls, car crashes, or being struck by or with an object.
Currently motor vehicle crashes are the second leading cause of TBI among all age groups. Around 17 percent of TBI comes from car crashes or traffic-related occurrences. Additionally, car crashes are the leading cause of of TBI related deaths, estimated at 31 percent.
Falling is another major cause of TBIs, accounting for 35 percent of TBIs in the United States. Young children and adults over the age 75 are the most at risk to be injured in a fall.
Common Symptoms Associated with the Injury
There are several different types of symptoms that occur with TBI. The symptoms are serious and impact all aspects of life. They strain relationships with family and friends and affect the ability to work or participate in the daily activities of life.
Common symptoms of severe brain injury include extended periods of unconsciousness or memory loss immediately after the injury. Additional symptoms may extend over the long term and can be both physical and psychological. Memory and attention deficits are also common in severe injuries. Those who suffer a TBI may go through periods of depression and anxiety. Personality changes and problems with impulse control can also occur.
Problems with sensation are also typical. Individuals may have sensory issues involving sight, hearing, or touch.
Education and Treatment
Efforts are being made increase education about TBI. A recently published guide provides information on severe head trauma to emergency medical service providers. This is meant to establish uniform guidelines for immediate treatment of head injuries.
Following a suspected TBI injury, it is important to keep the individual hydrated and provide plenty of oxygen to prevent interruption of oxygen to the brain.
Additionally, prescribed medications should be taken exactly as instructed. A complete rehabilitation program is also essential and can aid TBI patients regain lost cognitive abilities and deal with psychological or emotional issues from the injury.
If you or a loved one has suffered a neck or brain injury due to an accident caused by the negligence of another, you may be entitled to compensation. An experienced North Carolina personal injury attorney can provide necessary guidance and assist with obtaining any available compensation.